June 8, 2022

Dry eyes: simple steps to prevent them

Although not the only cause of dry eye, screens are a major contributor to the onset or worsening of dry eye. If you work in front of a computer or spend a lot of time behind a screen, here are some tips on how to prevent the risk of dry or tired eyes.

Do you suffer from dry eyes?

Tears are produced by the lacrimal glands and spread over the surface of the eye by the movement of the palpebrae, forming a protective film for the cornea. Dry eye is characterised by a decrease in the quantity or quality of tears. The result is dry eyes. This usually causes visual discomfort. Other symptoms vary from one person to another: tingling, itching, the sensation of having something in the eye, eyelids sticking when you wake up, excessive tearing, hypersensitivity to light, etc. Do you have one or more of these symptoms? Dry eyes are waiting for you... Consult an ophthalmologist!

What causes dry eyes?

There are several possible causes of dry eye:

  • ageing
  • Prolonged exposure to screens (computer, smartphone, tablet, etc.)
  • air conditioning
  • pollution
  • the wind
  • high altitude
  • taking certain medications
  • wearing contact lenses or glasses
  • certain pathologies (rosacea, psoriasis, allergies, etc.)
  • tobacco smoke...

Did you know? According to a study conducted at the University of Iowa Health Care, staring at a screen can reduce the overall flicker rate by 33%.

How to combat dry eyes?

There are simple things you can do to prevent or limit the risk of dry eyes, even if you have to spend time in front of a computer:

  • position your computer at least 70 cm from your face
  • ensure that the screen is placed below eye level, which will limit the degree of eye opening
  • take breaks every 20 minutes or so, changing the direction of your gaze
  • blink regularly to promote hydration of the cornea
  • air your home or office regularly
  • avoid exposure to tobacco smoke, air conditioning
  • do not rub your eyelids...